Winter, cold, ice? Poznaj niestandardowe słownictwo i idiomy!
black ice – a very thin coating of ice found on roads and sidewalks that is difficult to see, and therefore quite dangerous
Example: Today the black ice on nearby street caused 4 car accidents.
a cold snap – a sudden short period of very cold weather
Example: Poland is experiencing a very cold snap at the moment.
wind chill – when the wind makes the air temperature feel colder
Example: It is zero degrees on the thermometer, but the wind chill makes it feel like -5 degrees.
slush – snow that has started to melt and has become dirty
Example: When the snow turns to slush, it’s so ugly all around.
sleet – a mixture of snow and rain
Example: Oh no! It’s not snow but sleet. I don’t like sleet.
snowfall – the amount of snow that falls during a period of time
Example: We’ve had 10 centimeters of snowfall overnight.
to hibernate – to sleep through the winter months, also used metaphorically
Example: We don’t see our neighbors during the winter months, since we love to hibernate in the warmth of our homes.
to be snowbound – to be stranded or unable to leave a place because of heavy snowfall
Example: We were snowbound at the airport for the whole weekend due to the snowstorm.
to have a snowball’s chance in hell (informal) – to have no chance of doing or having something
Example: You have a snowball’s chance in hell of winning the lottery.
snowed under – with too much work to deal with
Example: The company was snowed under with applications for the job.
on thin ice – at risk of annoying someone
Example: I’m warning you. You’re on thin ice.
put something on ice (informal) – to delay something
Example: The negotiations were put on ice when the market fell sharply.
to break the ice – to make people feel more comfortable in a social situation
Example: Anna told a few jokes to break the ice.
to get cold feet – to suddenly get too scared to do something planned
Example: Maria cancelled the wedding because she got cold feet.
pure as the driven snow – to be completely innocent (often used to suggest the opposite)
Example: I don’t think he is as pure as the driven snow.
in the cold light of day – to think about something clearly, without emotions, and often feel shame afterwards
Example: The next morning, in the cold light of day, Alice realised what a horrible misake she had made.
to break into a cold sweat – to become very scared about something
Example: Marc broke into a cold sweat when he realized the losses he had made.
to run hot and cold – to be unable to make up one’s mind
Example: John’s feelings about her run hot and cold, one minute he loves her, and the next he’ is bored of her.
snowball effect – when something small keeps growing in importance or significance
Example: Gangnam Style’s popularity was such a snowball effect.
put something on ice – to stop doing something
Example: Richelle is going to put the project on ice until she gets a response from her supervisor.
snowed under – to be overwhelmed, usually with responsibilities
Example: I’m sorry I can’t go to the party tonight, I’m snowed under with homework.